As of 1 January 2019, far reaching new rules apply to the disposal of packaging in Germany. Considerably more packaging must be recycled. New standards define to what extent different types of packaging are actually suitable for recycling. In addition, provisions ensure that all businesses using packaging also pay for their collection and recycling. The new Packaging Act supplies the basis for all this. A key element of the legislation is the new Central Packaging Registry LUCID. Using LUCID, every citizen can check the extent to which manufacturers fulfil their product responsibility.
In Germany, product responsibility for packaging was introduced in 1993. It means that anyone putting goods into packaging or importing packaged goods to Germany also has to pay for disposal of the packaging. In the area of packaging that ends up as household waste, this payment is collected as licence fees paid to what is known as dual system providers, companies that organise recycling. However, numerous businesses did not fulfil their duties. Because of this, no financial incentive existed to forego superfluous packaging.
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